Florida Living Wills Laws
|Code Section||765.101, et seq. Health Care Advance Directives|
|Specific Powers, Life-Prolonging Acts||Any medical procedure, treatment, or intervention which utilizes mechanical or other artificial means to sustain, restore, supplant a spontaneous vital function and serves only to prolong the dying process of a patient in terminal condition; does not include medication or a medical procedure to provide comfort care or to alleviate pain|
|Legal Requirements for Valid Living Will||(1) Competent; (2) adult; (3) signed by principal; (4) in presence of 2 subscribing witnesses (suggested form in 765.302) one of whom is neither a spouse nor a blood relative|
|Revocation of Living Will||Revocable at any time by principal by (1) signed, dated writing; (2) destruction of the declaration; (3) oral expression of intent to revoke; (4) subsequent advance directive materially different from the previously executed advance directive; (5) divorce revokes the designation of former spouse as surrogate. Revocation effective when properly communicated.|
|Validity from State-to-State||An advanced directive executed in another state in compliance with the laws of that state or Florida is validly executed|
|If Physician Unwilling to Follow Living Will||Physician should make reasonable efforts to transfer to a health care provider who will comply with the declaration; a physician unwilling to carry out the patient's wishes because of moral or ethical beliefs must within 7 days: (1) transfer the patient and pay the cost of transporting the patient to another health care provider or (2) carry out the wishes of the patient unless provisions of judicial intervention apply|
|Immunity for Attending Physician||Health care facility, provider or other person who acts under the direction of a health care facility, or provider is not subject to criminal prosecution or civil or professional liability for carrying out a health care decision|
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