The Georgia court system is broken up between the trial and appellate level. The trial level is split into six different divisions -- big-time cases go to the Superior Court, the medium cases go to State Court, and small-time cases are handled by Municipal or Magistrate Court.
There are also specialized divisions for Probate and Juvenile matters. At the appellate level, the Georgia Supreme Court in Atlanta has the final say on matters of state law, but you will likely pass through the Georgia Court of Appeals, also in Atlanta, first. This sounds confusing but don’t worry, the Augusta court situation is very simple: almost all matters are handled at the state-of-the-art Augusta Judicial Center, which opened its doors in 2011. To help guide you to the proper courthouse, FindLaw has prepared this guide to the key courthouses in Augusta.