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Indiana Civil Statute of Limitations Laws

That fender-bender on I-70 was a couple months ago, but your neck still doesn’t feel right. Or maybe a year after the accident you’re realizing that the repair shop didn’t fix your car right the first time around. Are you allowed to sue the repair shop or that other driver for damages? And, if so, what is your deadline for filing either lawsuit? Each state has its own laws that limit the amount of time between an injury occurring and the filing of a civil suit. This is a quick summary of civil statute of limitation laws in Indiana.

Civil Statutes of Limitation

Every state has time limits, called "statutes of limitations," for filing lawsuits and other civil actions. Indiana's civil statute of limitations laws are generally similar to those of other states. Depending on the particular type of case or procedure, Indiana's statutes of limitations range from two to 20 years. The point at which the proverbial clock starts ticking is typically the date of the incident or discovery of the harm.

Statutes of Limitation in Indiana

The chart below highlights some civil statutes of limitations in Indiana. See Details on State Civil Statute of Limitations and Time Limits to Bring a Case: The Statute of Limitations for more general information.

Injury to Person

2 yrs. §34-11-2-4(1)

Libel/Slander

2 yrs. §34-11-2-4(1)

Fraud

6 yrs. §34-11-2-7(4)

Injury to Personal Property

2 yrs. §34-11-2-4(2)

Professional Malpractice

2 yrs. §34-11-2-3

Trespass

2 yrs. §34-11-2-4

Collection of Rents

6 yrs. §34-11-2-7

Contracts

Written: 10 yrs. §34-11-2-11; 6 yrs. for contract for payment of money §34-11-2-9; Oral: 6 yrs., 2 yrs. employment agreements §§34-11-2-7 and 34-11-2-1

Collection of Debt on Account

6 yrs. §34-11-2-7

Judgments

20 yrs. §34-11-2-12

These statutes of limitation are an attempt to create general fairness and predictability when it comes to filing lawsuits. Potential defendants should not have a legal matter hanging over their head indefinitely and be put on notice that they might have committed some harm against another party. Plaintiffs, on the other hand, must decide whether or not to press a lawsuit in a timely matter.

Indiana Civil Statute of Limitations Laws: Related Resources

As noted above, even if have a valid claim for civil damages, it may not matter if you don’t file your lawsuit in time. If you would like legal assistance with a civil case, you can contact a personal injury attorney in Indiana. For more introductory material on this topic, you can visit FindLaw’s section on Statute of Limitations in Civil Cases.

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