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Maryland Durable Power of Attorney Laws

Explanation of Chart and More Information on Durable Power of Attorney Laws

Code Section Health-Gen. 5-601 et seq. Health Care Decisions Act
Specific Powers, Life-Prolonging ActsAppointment by declarant under advance directive to make health care decisions for declarant under circumstances stated in directive based on wishes of declarant; decision regarding the provision, withholding of life-sustaining procedures should be based, in whole or in part, on the patients preexisting, long-term mental or physical disability or a patient's economic disadvantage; can't authorize sterilization or treatment for mental disorder
Legal Requirements for Durable Power of Attorney(1) Voluntary; (2) dated and in writing; (3) signed by declarant or at express direction of declarant; (4) subscribed by 2 witnesses; (5) effective when attending physician and second physician certify in writing that patient is incapable of making an informed decision on basis of physical examination within 2 hours of certification (if patient is unconscious, second physician is not required); (6) communicated to physician who shall made it part of declarant's medical records
Revocation of Durable Power of AttorneyRevocable at any time by (1) signed and dated writing; oral statement to health care practitioner; (3) execution of subsequent directive
Validity from State-to-StateDeclaration executed out-of-state by nonresident is effective if declaration is in compliance with the laws of Maryland or the laws of the state where executed (to the extent permitted by the laws of Maryland)
If Physician Unwilling to Follow Durable Power of AttorneyAttending physician shall make every reasonable effort to transfer declarant to another health-care provider; assist in transfer; and pending transfer comply with competent individual or health-care agent/surrogate for person incapable of making a decision if failure to comply would likely result in death of individual
Immunity for Attending PhysicianAny health-care provider who withholds or withdraws health care or life-sustaining procedures in accordance with this subtitle and in good faith, is not subject to civil or criminal liability and may not be found to have committed professional misconduct

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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