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Michigan Gun Control Laws

Laws regulating the purchase, ownership, and access of firearms vary widely from state to state. Generally, states with higher rural populations tend to be the less restrictive than those with more significant urban populations. Michigan gun control laws are somewhere in the middle. While the state requires prospective gun purchasers to score at least 70 percent on a gun safety questionnaire, there are no waiting periods for purchasing a gun in Michigan.

The finer points of Michigan's gun control laws are highlighted in the following chart. For more articles and resources, see the links a the end of this article.

Code Section

Michigan gun regulations are governed by Michigan Penal Code Chapter 750, sections 222 through 239 and Michigan Complied Laws Chapter 28, section 422.

Illegal Firearms

The following firearms are banned in Michigan:

  • Machine gun;
  • Automatic weapons;
  • Silencers;
  • Mufflers;
  • Short-barreled shot gun (except as permitted by federal law);
  • Short-barreled rifle (except as permitted by federal law); and
  • Armor-piercing ammunition.

A person who possesses an illegal firearm may face felony prosecution resulting in imprisonment for up to five years or a fine of up to $2,500 or both.

Waiting Period

There is no waiting period to purchase a firearm in Michigan.

Who is Prohibited from Owning a Firearm?

The following individuals are prohibited from owning a firearm in Michigan:

1. Persons under the age of eighteen;

2. Convicted felons (individuals may have their gun ownership rights restored after certain conditions are met);

3. Individuals who have been declared insane and their sanity has not been restored by court order;

4. Individuals under order for commitment due to mental illness; and

5. Persons who failed to answer seventy percent of answers correctly on Basic Pistol Safety Questionnaire needed to purchase a gun.

Law Prohibiting Firearms On or Near School Grounds It is a misdemeanor to possess a firearm on or near school property (Michigan Penal Code Chapter 750, section 237a)
Other Prohibited Activities Related to Firearms Purchasing, carrying, possessing, or transporting a pistol without a license.

If you have questions about your legal rights to own a firearm or you have been charged with a firearms violation, you may consider contacting contacting an experienced  Michigan criminal defense attorney. Individuals who cannot afford to hire a private attorney may be eligible for representation by the local public defender’s office.

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Michigan Gun Control Laws: Related Resources

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