All states, including Michigan, place time limits for filing lawsuits or prosecuting crimes. These time limits are called statutes of limitations and often vary by the type of civil action or crime. For instance, the time limit for Michigan to prosecute a defendant for kidnapping, extortion, assault with intent or conspiracy to murder is 10 years, but six years for misdemeanors. Civil statutes of limitations range from one to 10 years, with a two-year limit for personal injury claims. Understanding the statute of limitations that applies to your situation is very important if you plan to file a lawsuit or are involved in a criminal case.