Minnesota Child Support Guidelines

Under Minnesota law, every child has the right to financial and emotional support from both parents. If a child's parents are divorced or legally separated (or if they were never married in the first place), this support generally takes the form of money paid by one parent (usually the one without custody) to the child's other parent or caregiver to provide for the child's care and wellbeing. Minnesota has a fairly strict, and fairly complicated, guideline the state uses when it calculates the appropriate amount of child support. While parents are permitted to create their own child support agreements, these agreements can't stray too far from the state guidelines.

How to File For Child Support in Minnesota

TheMinnesota Department of Human Resourcescan be your resource for child support services in Minnesota. Any parent or person who has court-ordered custody of a minor child can receive child support while the child is financially dependent on that person. Minnesota’s DHS has resources for:

  • Locating the other parent and/or legally establishing paternity;
  • Obtaining and enforcing court orders for child support and health insurance;
  • Collecting child support payments; and
  • Reviewing and adjusting the court ordered support amount.

There are multiple ways toapply for child support services, depending on your specific circumstances, and you can file it with your local child support office.

How Child Support in Minnesota is Calculated

Minnesota has a fairly complex guideline for determining child support payments. The guideline first takes into account both parents’ gross income from all sources, with any alimony or spousal support deducted. Then each parent’s percentage of the combined income is calculated and applied to a guideline chart, taking into account the number of joint children they have. After that, parenting time is deducted from the final amount.

The child support guideline is intended for the child to receive the same proportion of parental income as he or she would if both parents were still living together. Minnesota DHS provides anonline child support guideline calculatoryou can use to estimate the amount of child support you may receive or may have to pay.

Child Support Statutes in Minnesota

Minnesota's child support guidelines are highlighted in the following table.

Code Section

Who Is Responsible?

Both parents.

How Is Support Calculated?

Calculation of Gross Income: MN Statutes Ch. 518A.29

Factors

Child support obligations are calculated using the income of both parents, number of children, cost of raising a child at different income levels, and availability and cost of medical support.

What Is Included in a Support Order?

Child care expenses, health insurance coverage, medical expenses, educational expenses, and travel expenses.

How Long Must a Parent Pay Child Support?

Until child turns 18 or 20 if the child still attends secondary school. (Or indefinitely if the child cannot support themselves due to a physical or mental condition.)

Local Child Support Offices

Minnesota Child Support County Agencies

Minnesota Child Support Formula

Minnesota Child Support Calculator

Note:State laws are always subject to change through the passage of new legislation, rulings in the higher courts (including federal decisions), ballot initiatives, and other means. While we strive to provide the most current information available, please consult an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Minnesota Child Support Guidelines: Related Resources

Get a Free Case Review from a Minnesota Family Law Attorney

As noted above, Minnesota's child support laws can seem convoluted. One of the best ways to decipher the laws is to contact a Minnesota family law attorney for a free case review. That way, you'll know more about your child support options before taking action.

Next Steps: Search for a Local Attorney

Contact a qualified attorney.