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Missouri Abortion Laws

Explanation of Chart and More Information on Abortion Laws

Code Section 188.010 to 230
Statutory Definition of Illegal AbortionIntentional destruction of the life of an embryo or fetus in the womb or intentional termination of pregnancy with intention other than live birth or removal of dead unborn child. Also, illegal to perform abortion for purpose of providing fetal organs/tissue for transplant or other purpose. Also, illegal to use public facilities, employees or funds for abortion, except where necessary to save mother's life
Statutory Definition of Legal AbortionAfter viability, necessary to preserve life, health of mother; (method used must be one most likely to preserve life, health of fetus unless greater risk to mother)
Penalty for Unlawful AbortionFine to $1,000; second degree murder to take the life of a child aborted alive; anyone not a physician attempting to perform an abortion or without privileges at hospital offering OB/Gyn care is guilty of Class B felony; Class A misdemeanor and revocation of M.D. or health practitioner's license for committing or assisting in unlawful abortion; failure to maintain confidentiality: misdemeanor
Consent RequirementsPrior, informed, written consent of mother; if mother is less than 18 and unemancipated, informed written consent of one parent/guardian or court order
Residency Requirements for Patients-
Physician Licensing RequirementsLicensed M.D. only. After 16 wks., must be performed in hospital; after viability, licensed M.D. must certify abortion necessary including medical indicators and method to be utilized with reasoning for decision; second M.D. must be in attendance to aid fetus; at 20 weeks, M.D. required to determine whether fetus is viable, using ordinary skill and care and testing

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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