Montana Capital Punishment Laws
Montana Law and the Death Penalty
Montana can only impose the death penalty in cases where another person dies. For example, murder of a law enforcement or court official is considered a capital offense. Montana capital punishment laws exempt those who are ruled insane or suffer from "a severe mental disorder or disability that significantly impaired his or her capacity to appreciate the nature, consequences, or wrongfulness of his or her conduct." The law also establishes a minimum age of 18 for executions
The Supreme Court and The Death Penalty
In 2008, the Supreme Court decided that the death penalty would be disproportionate for any offense against an individual that did not involve death of the victim -- basically only murder offenses are reserved for capital punishment.
Method of Execution
The law also changed significantly in 1995 when the state of Montana made lethal injection the sole method of execution. Prior to that date, hanging was the method of execution.
Death Penalty And Clemency
Once an execution date has been set, the defendant may seek clemency from the governor. If clemency is denied -- and if any last-minute motions by the defendant, such as successor motions for appropriate relief, are unsuccessful -- the defendant will be executed by lethal injection.
Learn more about Montana capital punishment laws in the following table. See FindLaw's Death Penalty section for additional articles.
|Code Section||45-5-102; 46-18-220; 46-18-301, et seq.; 46-19-101,et seq.; 46-19-201, et seq.|
|Is Capital Punishment Allowed?||Yes. Capital murder with 1 (one) of 9 (nine) aggravating circumstances (Mont. Code Ann. § 46-18-303); aggravated kidnapping; felony murder; aggravated sexual intercourse without consent (Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-503).|
|Clemency Process||Governor may receive a non-binding recommendation of clemency from a board or advisory group|
|How is the Sentence Determined?||Jury decides on aggravators; Judge decides sentence|
|Available for Crimes Other than Homicide?||No. See Above|
|Is Life Without Parole an Option?||Yes|
|Minimum Age||18 years old|
Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a Montana criminal defense attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
Research the Law:
- Montana Code
- Official State Codes - Links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and DC.
Montana Capital Punishment Laws: Related Resources