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North Carolina Abortion Laws

Explanation of Chart and More Information on Abortion Laws

Code Section 14-44 to 46; 90-21.6 to 90-21.10
Statutory Definition of Illegal AbortionWillfully administer to mother, prescribe, advise, procure substance or instrument with intent to destroy child or procure miscarriage
Statutory Definition of Legal AbortionFirst 20 weeks of pregnancy no medical requirements regarding mother or fetus; after 20 weeks, must be substantial risk that would threaten life, health of mother
Penalty for Unlawful AbortionClass H felony: Fine and/or imprisonment up to 10 years; Class I felony: Fine and/or imprisonment up to 5 years; Class 1 misdemeanor for failing to obtain parental consent
Consent RequirementsUnemancipated minor needs written consent plus written consent of parent/guardian, exception for medical emergency or judicial waiver
Residency Requirements for Patients-
Physician Licensing RequirementsLicensed M.D., licensed hospital or clinic

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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