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North Carolina Abortion Laws

Abortion is regulated in all U.S. states, which often includes the licensing requirements of providers, restrictions on late-term abortion, and parental consent mandates. North Carolina abortion laws are relatively restrictive, requiring the written consent of parents or guardians, banning abortion after 20 weeks (except to save the life or health of the mother), and the requirement that abortion providers be licensed medical doctors.

The following chart lists the main provisions of North Carolina's abortion laws. See FindLaw's Reproductive Rights section to learn more.

Code Section 14-44 to 46; 90-21.6 to 90-21.10
Statutory Definition of Illegal Abortion Willfully administer to mother, prescribe, advise, procure substance or instrument with intent to destroy child or procure miscarriage
Statutory Definition of Legal Abortion First 20 weeks of pregnancy no medical requirements regarding mother or fetus; after 20 weeks, must be substantial risk that would threaten life, health of mother
Penalty for Unlawful Abortion Class H felony: Fine and/or imprisonment up to 10 years; Class I felony: Fine and/or imprisonment up to 5 years; Class 1 misdemeanor for failing to obtain parental consent
Consent Requirements Unemancipated minor needs written consent plus written consent of parent/guardian, exception for medical emergency or judicial waiver
Residency Requirements for Patients -
Physician Licensing Requirements Licensed M.D., licensed hospital or clinic

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a North Carolina constitutional rights attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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