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Ohio Abortion Laws

Abortion laws are among the most varied and controversial laws in the U.S., although no state allows unrestricted abortion. Ohio abortion laws require minors seeking the procedure to obtain parental consent, while only licensed physicians are legally qualified to perform abortions in Ohio.

The basic provisions of Ohio abortion laws are listed in the following chart. See FindLaw's Reproductive Rights section for additional articles and resources.

Code Section 2919.11 to 18
Statutory Definition of Illegal Abortion (1) Failure to obtain informed consent; (2) taking life of fetus born alive or failing to provide reasonable medical attention to same; after viability, purposeful termination of a human pregnancy by any person, including the mother herself, with the intention other than to produce a live birth or remove a dead fetus
Statutory Definition of Legal Abortion Performed or induced by a physician who determines in good faith that the fetus is not viable or to prevent the death or serious bodily injury of the pregnant woman
Penalty for Unlawful Abortion Violators guilty of unlawful abortion: first degree misdemeanor; second violation: fourth degree felony; purposely terminating child born alive or failing to take measures to save its life: guilty of abortion manslaughter, first degree felony
Consent Requirements Informed consent of mother; if mother is unemancipated minor, parental informed consent also required with 24 hrs. "actual notice"; court may authorize minor to consent without parental notification; other family members over 21 may issue consent if minor in danger of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse from parent; constructive notice (of at least 48 hrs.) by both certified and ordinary mail allowed if parents or family members cannot be reached with reasonable effort
Residency Requirements for Patients -
Physician Licensing Requirements Licensed physician

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact an Ohio constitutional attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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