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Ohio Child Abuse Laws

Child abuse includes physical, emotional, or sexual abuse of minors, as well as exploitation and neglect. As in other states, Ohio child abuse laws also require nurses, teachers, and others with regular access to children to report any signs of abuse (called "mandatory reporters"). Under Ohio law, all reports of suspected child abuse must be reported to the Public Children's Services Ageny or the local police.

Details of Ohio's child abuse laws are listed below. See Child Abuse Overview for a concise summary of the issue.

Code Section 2151.011, et seq.; 2921.14; 2151.421
What Constitutes Abuse Victim of sexual activity offense constituting abuse or exhibits evidence of physical or mental injury inflicted other than by accidental means, or threats or harm to child's health and welfare, or is an endangered child under 2919.22
Mandatory Reporting Required By Attorney, physician, nurse, other health care professional, dentist, coroner, day care worker, school teacher/employer, social worker, professional counselor, speech pathologist, child services agency employee, person rendering spiritual treatment through prayer, psychologist, day camp employee
Basis of Report of Abuse/neglect Knows or suspects child has suffered or faces threat of suffering any physical or mental wound, injury, disability, or condition that reasonably indicates abuse or neglect
To Whom Reported The Public Children's Services Agency or municipal or county peace officer in county where child resides
Penalty for Failure to Report or False Reporting Guilty of making a false report: misdemeanor of the first degree

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact an Ohio criminal defense attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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