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Ohio Civil Statute of Limitations Laws

There are time limits for filing a civil lawsuit, referred to as the statute of limitations. These limits are meant to ensure that potential plaintiffs can't threaten lawsuits indefinitely, and to protect the integrity of evidence (including eyewitness testimony). Ohio civil statute of limitations laws impose a one-year limit on personal injury, defamation, and medical malpractice claims.

Ohio's civil statute of limitations laws are explained in the following chart. See Time Limit Considerations in Medical Malpractice Claims for more information.

Injury to Person 1 yr. or 2 yrs. if bodily injury §§2305.11(a); 2305.10; 2305.111
Libel/Slander 1 yr. §2305.11(a)
Fraud 4 yrs. §2305.09(c)
Injury to Personal Property 2 yrs. §2305.10
Professional Malpractice 1 yr.; Medical: 1 yr. to give notice which extends time 180 days after notice, max. 4 yrs. §§2305.11 (a); 2305.113
Trespass 4 yrs. §2305.09(a)
Collection of Rents -
Contracts Written: 15 yrs. §2305.06; Oral: 6 yrs. §2305.07
Collection of Debt on Account 6 yrs. §2305.07
Judgments 21 yrs. §2325.18

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact an Ohio personal injury attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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