The Texas court system is composed of three layers based on the size of the civil action or severity of the crime involved. Trial-level courts are divided into three overlapping levels: the big-time District Courts, the small-time County Courts, and local Municipal Courts for traffic or ordinance violations. Additionally, Beaumont has an appellate court and a federal courthouse.
Beaumont courts have long been on the cutting edge of using technology to serve the public. For example, Beaumont was the first city in the nation to implement electronic filing and service of court documents in 1996. Although the Texas court system is confusing with its layers of overlapping jurisdictions, the Beaumont situation is straightforward -- almost all cases are handled at the Jefferson County Courthouse.