An Overview of Virginia Child Custody Laws
Child custody laws are very similar from state to state, mainly due to adoption of the Uniform Child Custody Act, which helps enforcement efforts across state lines. Virginia child custody laws allow for joint custody and grandparent visitation rights, while the court process gives significant weight to the child's own wishes before determining custody.
Child custody, visitation, and child support issues are decided in Virginia's Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Courts. The noncustodial parent is legally entitled to visitation with his or her child, unless it is determined that this would be detrimental to the child (for example, if the noncustodial parent has been convicted of child abuse). The judge will order a visitation schedule if the parents are unable to agree on one.
Types of Child Custody Available in Virginia
As in virtually every other state, the court will consider the child's best interests when determining custody. Virginia allows the following types of custody:
The Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act
This is a piece of model legislation that has been adopted by nearly every state in the U.S., including Virginia. Essentially, the law requires state officials to recognize and help enforce child custody orders from other states. These laws were passed in order to prevent noncustodial parents from abducting their children across state lines.
|Code Section||20-107.2, 20-124.1 et seq.|
|Year Uniform Child Custody Act Adopted||1979|
|Joint Custody an Option?||Yes, §§20-124.2(B)|
|Grandparent Visitation Rights Recognized?||Yes, §20-124.1 & §16.1-241|
|Child's Own Wishes Considered?||Yes|
Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a Virginia child custody attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
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Virginia Child Custody Laws: Related Resources
Have a Local Attorney Review Your Custody Claim for Free
Filing for custody of your child or answering to such a claim is emotionally draining, in addition to the legal specifics of the case. It's best to let a legal professional handle these matters. If you have additional questions or require legal representation for your custody case, get started now with a free legal review of your custody claim.
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