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Virginia Civil Statute of Limitations Laws

The term "statute of limitations" refers to laws limiting the time in which an individual may file a lawsuit (or start a civil court procedure). The clock typically starts ticking at the time the incident took place. Virginia's statute of limitations laws are fairly standard, with a two-year limit of injuries to a person; libel or slander; or fraud. There is a five-year statute of limitations for claims pertaining to trespassing, injury to personal property, and written contracts.

A list of Virginia's civil statute of limitations laws can be found in the following chart. See Time Limit Considerations in Medical Malpractice Claims to learn more.

Injury to Person 2 yrs. §8.01-243(A)
Libel/Slander 2 yrs. §8.01-243(A)
Fraud 2 yrs. §8.01-243(A)
Injury to Personal Property 5 yrs. §8.01-243(B)
Professional Malpractice Health care providers: 1 to 2 yrs.; 10 max. §8.01-243.1
Trespass 5 yrs. §8.01-243(B)
Collection of Rents -
Contracts Written: 5 yrs. §8.01-246(2); Oral: 3 yrs. §8.01-246(4)
Collection of Debt on Account -
Judgments 20 yrs.; 10 yrs. to enforce lien §8.01-251(a), (c)

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a Virginia personal injury attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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