California Privacy of School Records Laws
California School Record Privacy Law at a Glance
California privacy of school records laws adhere to the federal standards set forth by the Family Educational Records Protection Act (FERPA), which guarantees free parental access to student school records. California has not passed laws that go beyond FERPA protections, as some other states have. According to information provided by the California Dept. of Education, the state may have access to the following types of sensitive student data:
- Name, address, ID number, race/ethnicity, gender, date and place of birth, contact information of legal guardian(s)
- Attendance records
- Academic information such as grade level completed, courses taken, graduation date
- Scores on standardized tests
- Any disciplinary actions taken
- Eligibility data pertaining to free school lunch program, special education services, etc.
Federal Protection of School Records
Federal law (FERPA) protecting the privacy of school records only applies to public schools receiving funding from the federal government. For students in schools governed by FERPA younger than 18, the law provides the following protections:
- Students and their parents have the right to review any records (of the respective student) maintained by the school; schools are permitted to charge a fee for making copies of records
- Students and their parents may ask the school to correct records determined to be incorrect or misleading; may ask for a formal hearing if the school refuses to make changes (where the validity and reasonableness of the request is determined)
- Schools must obtain written permission from the student and/or parent before disclosing any of this protected information (with some exceptions)
The code section for California's privacy of school records laws, along with links to related information, is listed below. See FindLaw's School Privacy section for more articles and resources.
|Code Section||Educ. §§49060, et seq.|
|Who Has Access to School Records?||Implements FERPA and eliminates conflicts with it.|
|Penalty for Violation of School Record Privacy Laws||-|
Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a California education law attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
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- Official State Codes - Links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and DC.
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