Indiana Criminal Statute of Limitations Laws
Each state has laws called criminal statutes of limitations, which limit how much time prosecutors have to file criminal charges against you. The point of criminal statutes of limitations is to ensure that criminal trials are based on the best available evidence. Testimonial evidence like officer statements and eyewitness accounts, and physical evidence like fingerprints and DNA, can fade or be lost over time. Therefore, it is best to have criminal trials as soon after an incident as possible.
Like most states, Indiana has different limits for different kinds of crimes. For instance, while there is just a two-year time limit for the filing of misdemeanor charges, most felony charges have a five-year statute of limitations and there is no limit on murder charges. The thought here is that suspected criminals should not be able to avoid the consequences for serious crimes by waiting out the authorities.
Criminal Statutes of Limitations in Indiana
Learn about Indiana's criminal statute of limitations laws and related matters in the sections below. You can also visit FindLaw's Criminal Law Basics for more introductory information on this topic.
|Topic||Criminal statute of limitations|
|Definition||A statute of limitations tells you the time frame when the prosecution must bring a charge for a crime.|
|Code Sections||Indiana Code section 35-41-4-2|
|Misdemeanors||Cases for any misdemeanor must be started within 2 years.|
|Crimes in Which a Child Is a Victim||
|Acts During Which Statute Does Not Run||
The "clock" for the time limit does not run when the defendant is:
Note: State laws are constantly changing -- please contact an Indiana criminal defense attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
Indiana Criminal Laws Related Resources:
- Indiana Legal Research
- Indiana Code
- Official State Codes - Links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and D.C.
- State Criminal Statutes of Limitations
Learn More About Indiana Criminal Statute of Limitations Laws from a Lawyer
Criminal charges are a very serious matter, and criminal statutes of limitations can vary depending on the crime and on the jurisdiction. If you or someone you know has been charged with a crime in Indiana, it's a good idea to contact a local criminal defense attorney to discuss your case and find out about your options moving forward.
Next Steps: Search for a Local Attorney
Contact a qualified attorney.