A new automobile with a recurring problem that limits its value or usability and that the dealer is unable to fix is commonly called a lemon. State lemon laws, therefore, ensure certain protections for consumers when purchasing new automobiles. Essentially, manufacturers and dealers must either replace a lemon or refund the purchase price if it fails to perform to the standards of its warranty for up to a year or two, or a certain number of miles (whichever comes first).
Some states (not including Minnesota) also protect used car purchases, but with different criteria.
Minnesota Lemon Law at a Glance: What is a Lemon?
A lemon, under Minnesota statute, is an automobile that "does not conform to all applicable express warranties, and the consumer reports the nonconformity to the manufacturer..." within two years. A nonconformity would be any of the following conditions:
The following chart lists additional provisions of Minnesota's lemon law. See FindLaw's Lemon Law section for more articles and resources. Car safety recalls follow a different process, even if they may overlap with lemon claims.
|Title of Act||Not specified|
|Definition of Defects||Nonconformity to all applicable express warranties which significantly affects the use or market value of vehicle|
|Time Limit for Manufacturer Repair||During term of applicable express warranty or during period of 2 years following date of original delivery of vehicle to consumer, whichever is earlier|
|Remedies||Buyer's option: Replace with comparable vehicle or accept return and refund to consumer full purchase price including cost of any options or other modifications made/installed/arranged by manufacturer (or agents or dealer) within 30 days of original delivery, and all other charges, less a reasonable allowance for consumer use of vehicle|
Note: State laws are constantly changing, typically through new legislation, higher court decisions, or ballot initiatives -- contact a Minnesota lemon law attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
Research the Law
Minnesota Lemon Law: Related Resources
Contact a qualified attorney.