It has been known to happen: strange legal moves that leave you befuddled. Like the news of people losing their land to trespassers or squatters. Or maybe you found yourself on the other end of the transaction by setting up shop on some land that's just sitting there going to waste. Either way, it's completely possible that you’ve never heard of the legal doctrine of “adverse possession.”
So how does it all work? Is it an unfair of robbery of land by squatters or a justified grant to a person who will actually put the property to good use? And what are the particulars under Nevada law? Here's a brief introduction to adverse possession laws in Nevada.
Adverse Possession Laws
The legal doctrine known as "adverse possession" allows trespassers who openly inhabit and improve an otherwise abandoned piece of property to gain title to that property after certain conditions are met. For instance, Nevada adverse possession laws require an individual to occupy an otherwise neglected property publicly for at least 5 years with "color of title" and/or payment of property taxes. ("Color or title" generally means he or she has reason to believe they have the right to possess the property).
Adverse Possession in Nevada
The following chart lists the main provisions of Nevada adverse possession laws.
|Code Section||11.070, 110, 150, 180|
|Time Period Required for Occupation||5 yrs. and Color of Title: 5 yrs. and Color of Title/Payment of Taxes: 5 yrs.|
|Time for Landowner to Challenge/Effect of Landowner's Disability||After disability lifted: 2 yrs.|
|Payment of Taxes||Required|
|Title from Tax Assessor||-|
Related Resources for Nevada Adverse Possession Laws
Real estate law, and especially concepts like adverse possession, can be complicated. You can continue your own research and find more introductory information on this topic in FindLaw’s adverse possession section. If you would like to discuss your real estate case with a lawyer or if you want to know your rights and responsibilities as a landowner or occupier, you can contact an experienced Nevada real estate attorney in your area and schedule a consultation.
Contact a qualified attorney.