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New Mexico Gun Control Laws

Sometimes it seems like the gun control debate will rage forever, with neither side willing to budge. Both gun owners and the general public do have some common ground: we can all agree that safety, for both gun owners and the rest of the public, is priority number one. And gun control regulations in the Land of Enchantment attempt to balance the interests of both sides and ensure safety for all. This is a basic overview of gun control laws in New Mexico.

Gun Control Laws in New Mexico

States gun control laws restrict the sale, ownership, and use of firearms, and can vary from state to state. While it’s true that the Second Amendment protects the right to own certain arms, states are permitted to regulate who can purchase and buy firearms, how sales can be transacted, and, in some cases, what kinds of weapons and accessories are legal to own. New Mexico has some of the most liberal gun laws in the nation. There are no outlawed weapons and there is no waiting period to purchase a gun, although convicted felons may not own firearms in the state.

New Mexico Gun Statutes

New Mexico’s gun control statutes are highlighted below.

Code Section

New Mexico Statutes 30-7-1 et seq.: Weapons and Explosives

Illegal Arms


Waiting Period


Who May Not Own

New Mexico Statutes 30-7-16: Firearms Possession By a Felon

Convicted felon

Law Prohibiting Firearms On or Near School Grounds


New Mexico Statutes 30-7-2.1: Unlawful Carrying of a Deadly Weapon on School Premises

While New Mexico’s particular gun laws may seem lenient, the federal government also regulates gun ownership by limiting the types of firearms a person may legally own. As noted above, the Second Amendment allows citizens to own certain firearms, but the government is still permitted to put some restrictions on how guns may be purchased and the kinds of guns people can own. And where federal and state laws intersect, federal law always trumps. Therefore, New Mexico gun owners should be familiar with both the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act and the National Firearms Act.

More Resources for New Mexico Gun Control Laws

State and federal firearms regulations can be confusing. For additional articles and resources on this topic, you can visit FindLaw’s section on Gun Law. If you would like legal assistance with a gun matter, you can consult with a New Mexico attorney in your area.

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