Buffalo Courthouses

Last updated: December 5, 2013

Just 20 minutes from Niagara Falls, at the eastern end of Lake Erie, sits Buffalo, the second most populous city in New York State. It was the birthplace of the grain elevator, but now counts finance, technology and health care as integral parts of its economy.

It is inevitable that legal issues arise in the Queen City as it grows and adapts to changing times. When they do, there are a variety of courts to address the issues at hand. Here is a list of some of the key courthouses in the City of Good Neighbors.

State Courts

  • Buffalo Veterans Treatment Court

    50 Delaware Avenue
    Suite 250

    Buffalo,
    NY 14202

    Tel: (716) 845-2697

    Note: This court is a “hybrid drug and mental health court that serves veterans who are struggling with addiction and/or mental illness by diverting them from the traditional criminal justice system into a specialized veterans court.” The court diverts those who are charged with a non-violent felony or misdemeanor criminal offense to a specialized criminal court docket where they voluntarily participate in a treatment plan supervised by a judge.

  • Buffalo City Court

    50 Delaware Avenue
    Buffalo,
    NY 14202

    Tel: (716) 845-2600

    Note: The city courts have jurisdiction over preliminary hearings in felony cases, criminal misdemeanors and lesser offenses and civil matters with amounts in controversy up to $15,000. It has a small claims department for those with claims up to $3000 (refer to this guide for more information on small claims filing, hearings, settlement, judgments, etc.) as well as a housing court department which handles housing related issues including evictions and code violations.

  • Erie County Surrogate’s Court

    Erie County Hall
    92 Franklin Street

    Buffalo,
    NY 14202

    Tel: (716) 845-2560

    Note: This court handles estate proceedings, adoptions and guardianships. You may access statewide and local forms on their website.

  • Erie County Family Court

    One Niagara Plaza
    Buffalo,
    NY 14202

    Tel: (716) 845-7400

    Note: This court handles a variety of types of matters including neglect, delinquency or dependency actions, custody, support, adoption, establishment of paternity and more.

  • Erie County Court

    25 Delaware Avenue
    Buffalo,
    NY 14202

    Tel: (716) 845-9300

    Note: The county courts have jurisdiction over all types of criminal offenses, but in practice tend to deal mostly with felonies. On the civil side, the county courts hear cases that involve amounts in controversy up to $25,000. For information on court records or filing for the Erie County or Erie Supreme Courts, refer to the website for the County Clerk.

  • Erie County Supreme Court

    25 Delaware Avenue
    Buffalo,
    NY 14202

    Tel: (716) 845-9300

    Note: The supreme courts have very broad jurisdiction and can hear most cases. They are the only court that can grant divorces, annulments and separations. For information on court records or filing for the Erie County or Erie Supreme Courts, refer to the website for the County Clerk.

Federal Courts

  • United States District Court Western District of New York

    2 Niagara Square
    Buffalo,
    NY 14202

    Tel: (716) 551-1700

    Note: This court handles only federal law matters. If you are summoned for petit jury duty, expect to be on call for 90 days. If you are selected for a jury you will be required to serve until the conclusion of that case. If you are selected for a grand jury, you are empaneled for a term of 18 months and that may be extended for another 6. Refer here for Jury Service FAQ’s.