Laws that regulate minimum wage, meal breaks, employee leave, and related matters collectively are referred to as wage and hour laws. While federal laws provide a baseline of protections for workers, including the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and the federal minimum wage, states often provide an additional layer of protection. For instance, Ohio's minimum wage is $1.25 higher than the federal minimum.
The following will help you learn about Ohio wage and hour laws, including minimum wage; overtime provisions; meal and rest breaks; and leave laws.
Ohio Wage and Hour Laws: The Basics
Although Ohio's wage and hour laws apply to most workers throughout the state, it's not always easy to understand how these laws are applied in a given situation. The following summary will help you get up to speed on Ohio's minimum wage, break requirements, leave laws, and other related matters.
Ohio Revised Code:
$8.55 / hr. ($4.30 / hr. for tipped workers, which must equal at least $8.15 / hr.).
Note: The Ohio Constitution requires the state minimum wage to increase with inflation annually, in accordance with increases in the Consumer Price Index.
Employers must pay nonexempt employees (which includes agricultural employees) 1 and 1/2 times the regular rate of pay for every hour worked in excess of 40 per week (following federal law). Exempt professions include:
|Meals and Breaks||
Ohio law does not require employers to provide breaks to employees, but they must pay employees when they're given breaks of 20 minutes or less (following federal law).
Meal breaks that are at least 30 minutes may be unpaid provided the employee is relieved of all duties during the meal break (per federal law).
Ohio law doesn't provide additional family and medical leave beyond that provided by federal law (FMLA).
However, Ohio extends leave and reinstatement protections granted under the federal Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) to Ohio National Guard members.
|Severance Pay||Not required|
|Agency||Ohio Department of Commerce: Bureau of Wage & Hour Administration|
Note: State laws are always subject to change through the passage of new legislation, rulings in the higher courts (including federal decisions), ballot initiatives, and other means. While we strive to provide the most current information available, please consult an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
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Ohio Wage and Hour Laws: Related Resources
Get Legal Help With Your Ohio Wage and Hour Concerns
No matter how much love your job, you always count on that paycheck at the end of the pay period and sometimes need a break. When employers violate wage and hour laws, they open themselves up to litigation. If your rights have been violated, you should consider your legal options. Get started today by contacting an experienced Ohio employment law attorney.
Contact a qualified attorney.