The intentional trespassing into computer network, use of a computer for fraud, and various other crimes involving a computer are prohibited under state laws. In Virginia, computer crimes also include invasion of privacy and computer harassment. The state separates offenses into misdemeanors and felonies, with the more serious crimes involving theft. Attempt is not considered a crime, but Virginia does allow civil lawsuits for damages related to computer crimes.
What is Prohibited by the Virginia Computer Crimes Act?
The Virginia Computer Crimes Act lists a number of specific offenses that are prohibited by state law. These include:
Learn more about Virginia computer crime laws in below. See FindLaw's Cyber Crimes section for additional resources.
|Code Section||18.2-152.1, et seq.|
|Mental State Required for Prosecution||Intentionally|
|Misdemeanor Computer Crimes||Computer fraud with value of property or services less than $200, class 1 misdemeanor; Computer trespass is class 3 misdemeanor; if damages $2,500 or more, then class 1; computer invasion of privacy is class 1; theft of computer services is class 1; personal trespass by computer done unlawfully but not maliciously is class 1; computer harassment is class 1|
|Felony Computer Crimes||Computer fraud with value of property or services obtained $200 or more, class 5 felony; computer trespass with damages $2,500 or more caused by malicious act, class 6; Personal trespass by computer done maliciously is class 3|
|Reporting Computer Crimes||
Whether you are a business or an individual, computer crimes should be reported to the proper law enforcement agencies at the local, state, and federal levels.
While reaching out to a local or state police department is an option for computer crimes that are strictly local in nature, contacting the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) is necessary for crimes that cross state lines since they are considered federal crimes. Alternatively, computer crimes can also be reported to the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3).
|Attempt Considered a Crime?||No|
|Civil Lawsuit Permitted?||Yes|
Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a Virginia criminal defense attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
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Virginia Computer Crimes Laws: Related Resources
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